Having become a reference laboratory, our department does not need to outsource any test and more importantly, a set of special tests that are rarely analyzed is available. In the Clinical Biochemistry unit, the tests are analyzed that are covered in profiles of Hormone, Hematology, Coagulation, Drug Levels and Tumor Markers.
In the Hormone division, various tests are analyzed that are used to supervise infertility, assess thyroid hormones, which play major role in metabolic activities, quantify vitamin concentrations and evaluate heart diseases. The unit also analyzes tumor markers that provide important details about presence of cancer in the total system.
The field of hematology and coagulation covers a multi-parameter blood count and a set of tests, which are used in the determination of bleeding and coagulation disorders.
Microbiology and Clinical Microbiology
Microbiology is a field of science that examines small organisms, many of which can be seen only under the microscope. Many of these organisms cause diseases in human body. Most common ones include bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. Infectious Disease (Contagious Diseases) is the common term for diseases that are caused by these small organisms, which we cannot see with naked eye. Tens of thousands of different microorganisms are causative agents.
At this unit, direct and indirect tests are made to identify microorganisms – the infectious agents. The laboratory guides diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of infectious diseases by analyzing various excreta and other specimens, such as blood and all body fluids, tissue samples, urine, and stool. The subunits are bacteriology, virology, mycology, parasitology, and serology divisions.
Bacteriology means acquiring and identifying the bacteria that cause infections in human and determining antibiotic susceptibilities of bacteria (bacteria that cause typhoid, cholera and throat etc.)
Virology: the diagnostic tests for the viruses that cause disease in human body (types of hepatitis etc.)
Mycology means acquiring and identifying the fungi that cause diseases in human body and testing their susceptibility for anti-fungal medicines.
Parasitology means investigating parasites and their eggs in stool, urine and other bodily fluids.
Serology: an antibody-based diagnostic method for infectious diseases.
The principal tests analyzed in the microbiology laboratory are: molecular diagnosis tests, such as culture tests, bacteria identification tests, antibiotic and antifungal susceptibility tests, antibiotic resistance examinations, direct microscopic examinations, dyed preparation examinations, scanning parasite eggs in stool, antigen screening tests, antibody tests (serological tests) and PCR (Polymerize Chain Reaction).
Cultures, bacteria identifications tests and antibiotic susceptibility tests are the first to come to mind in the field of microbiology. These tests are analyzed in our laboratory as per the international standards and by using an automation system. Through this system, the bacteria are identified at a more advanced level in comparison to the classical method and in addition, details about resistance mechanism are obtained. This provides a significant contribution to the treatment of infections. Such information is especially important to deal with the nosocomial infections that are caused by bacteria resistant to multiple antibiotics.
Infections are diseases, including some contagious ones, that can occur in any part of our body and that are caused by bacteria, viruses or parasites. Advanced diagnostic methods and use of novel antimicrobial medicines enabled diagnosis and treatment of many infectious diseases.
A wide range of diseases, including common cold, urinary tract infection, diarrhea and other diseases that can be more serious and even fatal, such as AIDS, meningitis, tuberculosis, and hepatitis, can be treated and followed up by the infectious diseases specialists. Since fever is one of the most symptoms of the infectious diseases and the infections are the most common cause of fever, the department of infectious diseases plays an important role in the assessment of patients with fever.
Microbiology laboratory plays a decisive role in the diagnosis and follow-up of the infectious diseases. The microorganisms that cause these diseases can be identified with culture methods and serologic tests or direct analyses.
Infectious diseases doctors plan and implement team work for following up and preventing nosocomial infections that are caused by the highly resistant microorganisms especially in intensive care units. Infection control committee, which was established for this purpose, conducts the duties of preventing the unnecessary use of antibodies, training the personnel on infection control continuously and auditing the appropriate and effective cleaning of all the departments of the hospital.
Infectious diseases physicians provide counseling for the vaccination needs and vaccination procedures for the adults.